I was watching the TV show about the Croatian collaborators that collaborated with the Nazis during the Nazi occupation of Yugoslavia. I think that the documentary is great so far, but fails to point out that many people supported the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, including Serbs, Croats, and Bosnian people.
The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was despised by Croatian nationalists because the Croats wanted an independent Croatia, (which they got) under fascist rule. They got their Independent State of Croatia.
However, some of the cartography used in the documentary is rather faulty. They use the Post 1945 borders for Slovenia and Croatia in the map.
As you can see, the documentary uses the post-1945 borders for Slovenia and Croatia. Istria was part of Italy in 1941, when the Axis invaded. The map also shows Kosovo as separate from Serbia, which was not the case. Kosovo was a part of Serbia and the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1941 and it shows the 1974 Yugoslav constitution’s boundaries for Kosovo, as a province of Serbia.
Parts of Slovenia were annexed into the Third Reich and added onto Austria. Parts of northern Serbia became part of Hungary. They do not go into great detail about the various territorial annexations on the part of the Axis powers that invaded Yugoslavia. They also do not show that Vardar Macedonia became a part of Bulgaria. Bulgaria also annexed parts of Yugoslavia.
I will go into Photoshop and edit a map with revised borders later. They do not show the provinces of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, known as Banovine, or Banovinas of Yugoslavia. They show the Yugoslav republics post 1945 boundaries, which did not exist until well after 1945, when Tito became dictator of Yugoslavia, under the second and final Yugoslavia, the Socialist Federated Republic of Yugoslavia. SFRY under Tito. Wikipedia refuses to recognize the third Yugoslavia as another Yugoslavia and instead calls it Serbia and Montenegro, even though it too was Yugoslavia. Too bad that the UN would not let it take over Yugoslavia’s seat at the UN. The state of Yugoslavia is long since gone, but I suppose that they had to show the post 1945 boundaries to give viewers a better picture of the whole region.
The boundaries are historically inaccurate for World War II, as you can clearly see. The Yugoslav state was ruled by the Serbs from 1918-1941. Tito, a Croat, ruled it from 1945-1980. (Till his death in 1980.) Yugoslavia was divided up after World War II to give its peoples supposedly more autonomy within Yugoslavia, even though they were centrally-ruled by Belgrade until 1991.
I suppose for obvious reasons, the documentary does not show Chetnik collaboration with the Germans and the Axis powers. The Chetniks had collaborated to gain weapons and support to fight against the Yugoslav Partisans. That is well known, I’m afraid. The Chetniks committed atrocities, but nothing like the Ustase had done, as was being told in this documentary. This documentary only focuses on Croatian collaboration and not Serbian collaboration in the form of Milan Nedic or Kosta Pecanac or Pavle Djurisic. The documentary does not talk about Serbian anti-Semitic persecution by Nedic’s regime, nor does it talk about Serbs that volunteered to fight alongside the Nazis. The documentary also does not talk about the Albanian annexation of Kosovo, nor does it talk about Bulgaria’s annexation of Macedonian lands.
The documentary could have been more balanced and talked about Milan Nedic’s role in the Holocaust and his Nazi collaboration and it could have also talked about Dimitrije Ljotic and his fascists that were backed up by the Germans, but Ljotic’s fascist movement was not as popular as Ante Pavelic’s and the Serbs hated Ljotic and what he stood for. Ljotic was friendly to the fascists and the Serbs did not like fascism because the Serbs were considered to be “racially inferior” by the Nazis, but that does not excuse the fact that there were many Serbian fascists and Serbian Nazi collaborators as well. Mihailovic had collaborated with the Germans to gain weapons to fight the Partisans and he needed German support against the Partisans.
The documentary also does not show that Montenegro was created by the Italians, under a Montenegrin puppet state. It also does not show the part about the Dalmatian coast becoming a part of Italy. It shows Zadar as a part of Croatia. Zadar, or Zara as was it known back then, was a part of Italy. Zadar later became annexed to Croatia after Italy’s surrender in 1943. After Italy’s surrender to the Allies in 1943, many Italian soldiers fought against the Germans in Yugoslavia and many joined the Yugoslav Partisans as well.
I wonder why the Nazi Collaborators series fails to talk about Nedic and his collaboration with the Nazis. They fail to talk about the Bosnian Muslim collaboration with the Nazis, too. My point is that everyone of all ethnicities throughout Yugoslavia had Nazi collaborators, not just the Croats. There were concentration camps in Serbia headed by the Nedic/Nazi regime there. It was a real mess in Yugoslavia. Nedic was sympathetic to the Nazis and proudly collaborated with them. I think that many people had no choice but to collaborate, otherwise they would have been killed by the Yugoslav Partisans or the Chetniks, especially the Bosnian Muslims. People would have been killed for not sympathizing with the Nazis, too if they did not collaborate. IT was a nightmare in Yugoslavia. People collaborated with the Nazis out of fear of being killed by them, (some actually did) or the Yugoslav Partisans or the Chetniks or the Ustase. S They also do not mention the Slovenian collaborators with the Germans and Italians. They do not mention the Italian atrocities in Yugoslavia, nor do they mention the Italianization of certain regions of Slovenia. They also do not mention the ethnic cleansing of the Dalmatian Italians by the Yugoslav communist regime under Tito, nor does it mention the Bleiburg massacre by Yugoslav partisans.
I could go on here about the documentary. That is all I have to say about this episode.